Wednesday, January 28, 2009


The tree position (vrikshasana) I'm the one in black with the unruly knee

Let's take a look at the main two.

It's quite embarrassing as a yoga instructor not to be able to do the tree pose (vrikshasana) as it is intended, mainly  because it is one of the less demanding of the balancing poses, relatively easy and satisfying even for the complete beginner. My problem with it is physical. In theory one should be able to pull ones (bent) knee back, so that the said knee is on the same line as your other leg  (imagine being placed and squashed between two pieces of glass - you should be kind of "flat"). My rather disobedient knee will only go back at the expense of my hip bones which unsatisfyingly move around with the offending limb.  

There may be different reasons for this; I might be having an "off day",  it might be due to tensile restriction or, as Paul Grilley* calls it "compression". "Tensile" means due to muscle (contracted), and "compression" due to the limitations that the architecture of your bones (generally) causes. 

Muscle (and ligaments/tendons)

Sometimes a muscle may be contracted: think of a runner who comes in to do her first class of yoga, she may find all the poses which require the ham-strings to stretch, to be particularly  demanding. Running tends to cause your leg muscles to shorten or contract. I know this is a horrific generalization, so please take it with a pinch of salt, but guys tend to have more muscle "bulk" and less muscle "length" (I'm thinking legs here) hence for them too the head-to-knee pose for them  (janu-shirsasana) may be challenging. The restriction is due to the muscle not being lengthened enough to be able to get comfortably into the position. The good news is when it comes to tensile limitation, there's a lot you can do about it. Yoga for example. Anything that elongates and stretches the muscle will allow for "improvement" (I use the term loosely - personally I give far more clout to what you do on the "inside" during yoga rather that what you manage to achieve physically and aesthetically on the outside). 

head-to-knee pose  (janu-shirsasana)

Let's get back to my personal physical blot on the landscape. Seeing as I've been doing yoga for nearly ten years (on average four classes a week before teaching) I think my muscles are pretty much pushed to their limit as far as stretch and length is concerned. My problem may be the opposite, due to muscle over-streching ones joints become loose (muscle, ligaments  all help to keep your joints well "strapped" in and together, like a kind of muscly support belt. So if this "belt" gets lax, so do the joints and this is not a particularly enviable situation.). So I think I can safely eliminate the "tensile" limitation as my problem in the tree position. 

The tree position seen from the front

Then there's "compression". This means that there is contact of some kind that restricts movement in some way. For example two bones knocking up against each other (or muscles being uncomfortably squeezed). I think this is far more likely in my case. What may be the "problem" is either my pelvic bowl: the higher crests and sockets* are pointing slightly inward/forward, rather than being more "open",  hence when I bring my knee around  the upper neck of my femur bumps up against the offending socket making further movement impossible (without a chainsaw). Or it may be that the socket itself is on the small side and/or the head of the femour on the big side, meaning that there's not much space in there for me to be able to avoid this compression of bone against bone as my knee comes out and back.  (this makes perfect sence to me, as I can picture it in my mind, but I wonder of it's understandable to the outsider who's just reading?! Please look at photo's for help!). So if I insist and move my leg back the whole pelvic bowl moves back with it. Does this make the position any less enjoyable, or valid? NO, it does not. If we all had exactly the same bone structure all you would need in yoga is time and patience before being able to do an asana in  exactly the same way as your instructor, or the girl next to you on the yoga mat. We all have different body shapes, different bone structure so of course Janu-sirshasana (head to knee pose) for Bob may be completely different to and for  Sue. It's interesting to try to understand that if what stops you in a position is tensile (so you can do something about it) or compression (to be accepted with humility, AND enjoyed anyway!).

I will go into the other yoga limitations in a future post.

*For more information on this subject you might want to try out what I consider to  be the  "yoga anatomy bible" called "Anatomy of Hatha Yoga" by H.David Coulter, or the DVD "Anatomy for yoga" with Paul Grilley. 

Thursday, January 22, 2009

HOMEWORK  Hello Stranger

Every now and again I like to give little tasks  to those who frequent my classes (when I'm feeling brave enough). It has less to do with the physical side of yoga (so the laziest among us can rest at ease) but a lot to do with a kind of yogic outlook. This "homework" is actually more of an invitation, and invitation to try something different. 

I thought I could jot down some of them here. 

The first is about dealing with people who might usually get your back up.

Next time you are in a queue and someone pushes in, next time someone steals your parking space, instead of mentally venting your anger (or worse doing so vocally or physically) just think that it's only due to chance and destiny that the person who has "offended" you hasn't entered into or isn't part of your circle of friends/acquaintences. If someone stole your parking space and you peeked in the car and saw that the driver  happened to be  your best friend, your reaction would be different. You may laugh rather than feel adrenalinic and aggressive (and you certainly wouldn't want that person to see you acting like some kind of hysterical maniac with temperament problems).   That "driver" may have been someone you sat next to at school, your boss, your mother's neighbor, someone you met in a group of people having a drink the night before, or someone you could meet through Facebook in the future. That it is highly improbably is neither here nor there -  it is however (more) constructive to contemplate. By seeing the offending person as an "outsider" you are creating distance and in the case of a queue pusher for example, feeling the physiological pitfalls of being angry ("stress" hormones released such as adrenalin). Once someone* said that demonstrating your anger towards another is like picking up a burning coal to throw at your "enemy". You burn yourself in the process.

So next time someone, a stranger really annoys you, try to see them as someone  who could have been, or could be someone close to you. Remember that your  object of hate is an object of love to someone else. Therefore it's not he or she that is intrinsically bad but simply circumstance and/or context that has rendered him so to you at that particular moment. 

For the Italian readers may I just point out that "stranger" in english is a "sconosciuto" NOT a "straniero"!!!


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